Vocabulary Acquisition

Joe Barcroft. Effects of word and fragment writing during l2 vocabulary learning. Foreign Language Annals, 40(4):713–726, 2008.

Marek Boguslaw. Learning from experience. mobility and daily living skills in an english language classroom. Technical report, Dept. of ELT Typhlomethodology, Catholic University of Lublin, 2000.

Rod Ellis. Modified oral input and the acquisition of word meanings. Applied Linguistics, 16(4):409–441, 1995. 

Marcella Hu Hsueh-Chao and Paul Nation. Unknown vocabulary density and reading comprehension. Reading in a Foreign Language, 13(1):403–30, 2000.

Keiko Koda. Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition, chapter Orthographic knowledge in L2 lexical processing, pages 35–52. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997. 

Batia Laufer. Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition, chapter The lexical plight in second language reading, pages 20–34. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997.

Paul Meara. Vocabulary acquisition: A neglected aspect of language learning. Language Teaching, 13:221–246, 1980. 

Jan-Arjen Mondria and Siebrich Mondria-De Vries. Efficiently memorizing words with the help of word cards and “hand computer”: Theory and applications. System, 22(1):47–57, 1994. 

I. S. P. Nation. Testing and teaching vocabulary. Guidelines (RELC supplement), 5:12–24, 1983. 

I. S. P. Nation. Learning Vocabulary in Another Language. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

I. S. P. Nation and Jonathan Newton. Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition, chapter Teaching Vocabulary, pages 238–254. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1997. 

T. Saragi, I.S.P. Nation, and G.F. Meister. Vocabulary learning and reading. System, 6:72–78, 1978. 

S. A. Stahl and M. M. Fairbanks. The effects of vocabulary instruction: a model based meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research, 56:72–110, 1986.  

C. B. Zimmerman. Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition, chapter Historical Trends in Second Language Vocabulary Instruction, pages 5–19. Cambridge University Press, 1997. 


Vocabulary Acquisition for the Visually Impaired

Heidi Couper. Teaching modern languages to visually impaired children. Language Learning Journal, 13, 1996.

Sivalingum Moodley. The impact of different reading/writing media on the education and employment of blind persons. PhD thesis, University of South Africa, 2004.

Verena Stein, Robert Neßelrath, and Jan Alexandersson. Improving spelling skills for blind language learners - orthographic feedback in an auditory vocabulary trainer. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Computer Supported Education. International Conference on Computer Supported Education (CSEDU-10), in conjunction with WEBIST 2010, April 7-10, Valencia, Spain, pages 501–506, 2010.  


Spelling Acquisition 

A. M. T. Bosman and G. C. Van Orden. Learning to spell: Research, theory, and practice across languages, chapter Why spelling is more difficult than reading, pages 173–194. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, 1997.  

Alan S. Brown. Encountering misspellings and spelling performance: Why wrong isn’t right. Journal of Educational Psychology, 4(488-494), 1988.  

G. D. A. Brown and N. C. Ellis. Handbook of Spelling. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 1994.

Max Coltheart and Kathleen Rastle. Serial processing in reading aloud: Evidence for dual-route models of reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 20(6):1197–1211, 1997.

P. Coutsougera. The impact of orthography on acquisition of l2 phonology: inferring the wrong the impact of orthography on acquisition of l2 phonology: inferring the wrong phonology from print. In Proceedings of the Phonetics Teaching and Learning Conference, University College London, 2007.

Marie Delattre, Patrick Bonin, and Christopher Barry. Written spelling to dictation: Sound-to-spelling regularity affects both writing latencies and durations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 32(6):1330–1340, 2006.

Robert B. Katz. Recognizing orally spelled words: An analysis of procedures shared with reading and spelling. Brain and Language, 37:201–219, 1989.

Stephen Krashen. We acquire vocabulary and spelling by reading: Additional evidence for the input hypothesis. Modern Language Journal, 73(4):440–64, 1989. 

D. Moseley. Handbook of Spelling, chapter From theory to practice: errors and trials, pages 459–475. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 1994.

Hakan Ringbom. Spelling errors and foreign language learning strategies. In Conference on Contrastive Linguistics and Error Analysis, Stockholm, 1977. 

J. E. Shuren, L. M. Maher, and K. M. Heilmann. The role of visual imagery in spelling. BRAIN AND LANGUAGE, 52:365–372, 1996.  

R. Warda. Research based tutoring of english spelling: White paper (research). Accessed on 16 September 2009.

B. W. Wise and R. K Olson. How poor reader and spellers use interactive speech in a computerised spelling program. Reading and Writing: An interdisciplinary Journal, 4:145–163, 1992.


Spelling Acquisition for the Visually Impaired

Christine Arter and Heather Mason. Spelling for the visually impaired child. British Journal of Visual Impairment, 12(18), 1994.

R. K. Harley, F. M. Henderson, and M. B. Truan. The Teaching of braille reading. Charles C Thomas, Springfield, 1979. 

F. K. Schroeder. Perceptions of braille usage by legally blind adults. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 90(3):210–18, 1996. 

Margoie Troughton. A Teaching Guide for Introducing Braille to Kids, chapter Learning Braille later in life. Adaptive Technology Resource Centre: University of Toronto, 1992.



A.D. Baddeley. Human Memory: Theory and Practice. Erlbaum, Hove, 1990.  

G. H. Bower. The handbook of emotion and memory: research and theory, chapter How might emotions affect learning? Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1992.

Roy B. Clariana and Doris Lee. The effects of recognition and recall study tasks with feedback in a computer-based vocabulary lesson. Educational Technology Research and Development, 49(3):23–36, 2001.

F.I.H. Craik and R.S. Lockhart. Levels of processing: a framework for memory research. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 11:671–684, 1972.

H. Ebbinghaus. Über das Gedächtnis. Verlag von Duncker und Humblot, Leipzig, 1885.

R. Hoffman et al. Some historical observations on ebbinghaus. In Memory and learning: The Ebbinghaus centennial conference, pages 57–75. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, 1987.

Lars Gyorvari. The study program for committing vocabulary to long-term memory., last accessed on 15th March 2010.

Jeffrey D. Karpicke and Henry L. Roediger. The critical importance of retrieval for learning. Science, 319(5865):966–968, 2008. 

S. Leitner. So lernt man lernen: Der Weg zum Erfolg. Herder, Freiburg, 1972. 

L. Peterson and M. Peterson. Short-term retention of individual verbal items. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 58(3):193–198, 1959.

P. Pimsleur. A memory schedule. Modern Language Journal, 51(2):73–75, 1967.  

Margaret Hanratty Thomas and John N. Dieter. The positive effects of writing practice on integration of foreign words in memory. Journal of Educational Psychology, 79(3):249–53, 1987. 

Yuichi Watanabe. Input, intake, and retention. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 19(3):287–307, 1997. 


A. Bandura and D. Cervone. Self-evaluative and self-efficacy mechanisms governing the motivational effects of goal systems. Journal of personality and social psychology, 45(5):1017–1028, 1983.

A. Corrigan-Halpern and S. Ohlsson. Feedback effects in the acquisition of a hierarchical skill. In Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 2002. 

T. E. Higgins. Beyond pleasure and pain. American Psychologist, 52(12):1280–1300, 1997. 

Daniel R. Ilgen and Carol F. Moore. Types and choices of performance feedback. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72(3):401–406, 1987. 

R. G. Lord. A control system conceptualizing of the goal-setting and changing process. Organisational Behaviour and Human Behaviour, pages 265–287, 1982. 


Intelligent Tutoring Systems

R. E. Cooley. Vocabulary acquisition software: user preferences and tutorial guidance. In AIED 2001 Workshop Papers: Computer Assisted Language Learning, 2001.

Mark G. Core, Johanna D. Moore, Claus Zinn, and Peter Wiemerhastings. Modeling human teaching tactics in a computer tutor. In Proceedings of the ITS Workshop on Modelling Human Teaching Tactics and Strategies, 2000.

B. Di Eugenio, D. Fossati, D. Yu, S. Haller, and M. Glass. Natural language generation for intelligent tutoring systems: a case study. In Proceedings of the 2005 conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education: Supporting Learning through Intelligent and Socially Informed Technology, 2005.

P. Groot. Computer assisted second language vocabulary acquisition. Language Learning and Technology, 4(1):60–81, 2000.

D. Jurafsky and J. H. Martin. Speech and Language Processing. Prentice Hall International, Englewood Cliffs, 2000.

M. R. Lepper, M. Drake, and T. M. O’Donnell-Johnson. Scaffolding student learning: Instructional approaches and issues, chapter Scaffolding techniques of expert human tutors, pages 108–144. Brookline Books, New York, 1997.

S. L’Haire. Fipsortho: A spellchecker for learners of french. ReCall, 19(2):137–161, 2007.  

Clifford Nass and Youngme Moon. Machines and mindlessness: Social responses to computers. Journal of Social Issues, pages 81–103, 2000.

Justin Olmanson. Review of espindle vocabulary and spelling program online. Language Learning and Technology, 11(3):18–28, 2007. 

P. Wik. Benefits of a virtual language tutor. Accessed January 2009.


Computers for the Visually Impaired

P. Nater and T. Thäle. Computer-aided instruction with blind persons on an audio-tactile basis. In Proceedings of the 4th international conference on Computers for handicapped persons, pages 533 – 539, Vienna, Austria, 1994. 


Usability Aspects

A.F. Newell and P. Gregor. User-sensitive inclusive design—in search of a new paradigm. In Proceedings on the 2000 Conference on Universal Usability, pages 39–44, Arlington, VA, 2000. ACM Press. 

Mary B. Rosson and John M. Carroll. Usability Engineering: Scenario-Based Development of Human-Computer Interaction. Morgan Kaufmann, 2001. 

Rubin and Chisnell. Handbook of Usability Testing, Second Edition: How to Plan, Design, and Conduct Effective Tests. Wiley Publishing, Indianapolis, Indiana, 2008. 

Ben Shneiderman. Designing the User Interface. Addison Wesley, 2004.